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Data and Information Empty Data and Information

Post  Dr. M EL Zayat on Thu Oct 21, 2010 1:08 pm

Dear all,
In this chapter we discussed several concepts; two of them were Data and Information.
I want each one of you to write his own understanding of the two concepts.
Try to differentiate and contrast between the two concepts stressing of the unique features of both of them.
Give examples and open your mind to new knowledge.
Don’t constrain yourself to the course content only. Try to search the internet, read and evaluate what you find before using it.

Remember, I always expect the best from you

Dr. Mohamed EL Zayat

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Data and Information Empty Data Vs Information

Post  Walid M. Gadalla on Fri Oct 22, 2010 12:46 pm

Data is raw material & unorganized facts that need to be processed
When data are processed, organized, structured or presented in a given context so as to make them useful, they are called Information.

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Data and Information Empty The difference between data & information

Post  Shimaa Ahmed Mostafa on Fri Oct 22, 2010 1:04 pm

Data are a set of collected numbers, words, anything. They do not mean anything until they are organized, arranged or developed.
Once that happens (after they have been been processed), information is obtained.
Information actually makes sense and is expressed through some sort of comprehensible logic.
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Data and Information Empty Data Vs Information

Post  Maboali on Fri Oct 22, 2010 2:30 pm

Data
Data is raw material & unorganized facts that need to be processed. It represents something in the real world. It can be figure, text or picture. Characteristics of Data:
* Raw Facts.
* No context.
* Just numbers or Texts.

Information
When data are processed, organized, structured or presented in a given context so as to make them useful, they are called Information. So information can be identified as Data that have meaning within a context, Data in relationship, or Data after manipulation. Characteristics of information:
* Data with context.
* Processed Data.
* Value added to Data (Summarized, Organized, Analyzed)

Example

Data and Information Data_v13
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Data and Information Empty Re: Data and Information

Post  Rasha Badran on Sat Oct 23, 2010 12:15 pm

Data is what is stored on a computer, disc or drive like words, numbers or anything.
Information is what we get from the managed data and have a meaning.


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Data and Information Empty Re: Data and Information

Post  miss_brish on Mon Oct 25, 2010 12:41 am


Difference between DATA and INFORMATION
DATA
Facts, statistics used for reference or analysis

Numbers, characters, symbols, images etc., which can be processed by a computer

Data must be interpreted, by a human or machine, to derive meaning

"Data is a representation of information"

Latin 'datum' meaning "that which is given"

INFORMATION

Knowledge derived from study, experience (by the senses), or instruction.

Communication of intelligence

"Information is any kind of knowledge that is exchangeable amongst people, about things, facts, concepts, etc., in some context." *

"Information is interpreted data"

INFORMATION SYSTEM
set of people, procedures and resources that collects and transforms data into information and then disseminates this information”

For Example

0945 is data. In this state it doesn't mean much. But if you process it this data can mean for example a date: the ninth month of 1945 or it can mean 15 to 10

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Data and Information Empty Re: Data and Information

Post  laila nawwar on Mon Oct 25, 2010 10:20 pm

Data refers to the lowest abstract or a raw input which when processed or arranged makes meaningful output. It is the group or chunks which represent quantitative and qualitative attributes pertaining to variables. Information is usually the processed outcome of data. More specifically speaking, it is derived from data. Information is a concept and can be used in many domains.

examples of data can be facts, analysis, or statistics. In computer terms, symbols, characters, images, or numbers are data. These are the inputs for the system to give a meaningful interpretation. In other words, data in a meaningful form is information.


Here are definitions for data, information, and knowledge.

Data: Raw observations, without analysis. Just the facts. (In the science world, as in the IT world, this is how “data” is used.)
Example: Person A eats prunes and has wrinkled skin. Person B eats prunes and has wrinkled skin. Etc.

Information: The result of data analysis or processing.
Example: 100% of people who eat prunes have wrinkled skin.

Knowledge: The application of information, i.e., the meaning of information.
Example: Eating prunes will cause your skin to be wrinkled.

We’ll add one more term to this mix: Wisdom. Wisdom is using knowledge to make decisions that lead to productive, beneficial outcomes.
Example: Don’t eat prunes.

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